Lotje Boswinkel


Lotje Boswinkel works at The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies on security and defense issues. She holds a master’s degree in international security from Sciences Po in Paris.

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More Arms, Less Influence? Europe-Gulf Relations Amid Regional Militarization

As the Gulf Arab states have asserted themselves as active shapers of regional security, their military experience, supplier diversification efforts, and domestic industry developments – in tandem with their traditional financial clout – have gained them greater leverage over European security partners.