Fiscal Policy

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Oman Capitalizes on Domestic, Regional Economic Momentum

Following progress addressing economic vulnerabilities, Oman is poised to enter a new phase of economic policymaking, armed with new policy tools and development initiatives.

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Transitioning to Countercyclical Fiscal Policy in the Gulf

Given the volatility of hydrocarbon prices and other external shocks, Gulf Arab states can benefit from adopting countercyclical fiscal policies – a bold, but necessary, shift that will limit fallback during economic downturns.

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Going Big: Assessing the Growth Ambitions of the Saudi Public Investment Fund

Saudi Arabia’s Public Investment Fund is likely to become the world’s largest sovereign wealth fund by the end of the decade, but raising the resources to fund its ambitious domestic investment program may increase economic and financial risks.

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Increased Spending Raises Risks to the Saudi Budget

The Saudi government is ramping up spending as it seeks to support economic development and diversification, pushing the fiscal balance into deficit despite high oil prices.

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Oman Gets Economic Policymaking Right – For Now

The Omani government deserves credit for sound economic policymaking and reform progress, but the longer-term outlook for the economy remains uncertain.

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Waiting on Hardship: Economic Jihad or Market Liberalization in Iran?

The Raisi government’s political rhetoric of submission to economic hardship fails to provide a tangible economic solution to tackle Iran’s economic crisis.

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VAT Hike in Bahrain Points to Fiscal Challenges, Unattractive Choices Government Faced

Even though an increase in the VAT seems the most viable option, higher levels of public buy-in could be secured through greater transparency in fiscal policy.

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For UAE Economic Planning, Timing is Everything

The UAE’s push to reinvigorate its economy, in this manner and at this time, is linked to Expo 2020 Dubai, regional competition, and a broader realignment of Emirati foreign policy to better serve economic interests.

A Flurry of Activity in Bahrain-China Relations

Recent developments in Bahrain-China ties reflect less alignment and more coincidence of interests.

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Through its careful examination of the forces shaping the evolution of Gulf societies and the new generation of emerging leaders, AGSIW facilitates a richer understanding of the role the countries in this key geostrategic region can be expected to play in the 21st century.

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