Economy

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Iran’s Revolutionary Guards: Four Decades of Expanded Business and Military Influence

This paper explores how the IRGC has advanced its position in Iran and how it will be affected if the current economic pressure on Iran is sustained.

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Does Saudi Arabia Need OPEC?

This paper examines potential incentives for a Saudi withdrawal or restructuring of OPEC, which comes amid challenges to the cartel and suggestions of changes to its longstanding practices.

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Tehran Unveils New Approach to Information Warfare

Recent protests provided the Islamic Republic with an opportunity to test drive an internet blackout and the Iranian intranet.

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The Contradiction at the Heart of the Aramco IPO

The Saudi government does not see a viable, long-term future in oil and gas but continues to hope that investors will measure the country’s crown jewel, Saudi Aramco, differently.

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Unprepared: The Islamic Republic Confronts Fuel Protests

Iran’s leadership has for years downplayed the impact of sanctions on the economy. Now that President Hassan Rouhani and the regime are compelled to make economic adjustments, they are facing predictable public anger and protests for which they were unprepared.

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Can the Islamic Republic Survive Economic Collapse?

Under the weight of the United States' “maximum pressure” campaign, Iran is inching toward economic collapse. But this does not necessarily entail the collapse of the political order.

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Oman: A Small Oil Player with Big Ambitions

With a stable political regime, strategic location, and attractive commercial terms, Oman has managed to raise oil production to record levels and draw in foreign oil majors.

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Saudi-Indian Ties: Looking Beyond the Bilateral

Saudi Arabia and India are strengthening their strategic partnership, but their ties involve the interplay of other countries.

Petro Diplomacy: Challenges to the Energy Transition in the Gulf Countries

On October 2, AGSIW held its fifth annual Petro Diplomacy conference, exploring what measures the oil-producing states are adopting to manage the global transition to renewables and alternative energy sources and how this will impact demand for oil in the decades ahead.

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Through its careful examination of the forces shaping the evolution of Gulf societies and the new generation of emerging leaders, AGSIW facilitates a richer understanding of the role the countries in this key geostrategic region can be expected to play in the 21st century.

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