Economy

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Public Investment Fund Grows, Bets Big on Tech

Saudi Arabia’s Public Investment Fund continues to enjoy steady growth aided by technology-focused investments, but the sovereign wealth fund’s 2030 growth target remains distant.

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EU and Oman: Small Steps Toward a Stronger Partnership?

The EU and Oman share a complementarity of means and goals in the Gulf, and a recent aviation agreement is an important step in a trust- and relations-building process aimed at deepening ties.

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VAT Hike in Bahrain Points to Fiscal Challenges, Unattractive Choices Government Faced

Even though an increase in the VAT seems the most viable option, higher levels of public buy-in could be secured through greater transparency in fiscal policy.

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Gulf Rupture With Lebanon Exacerbates Beirut’s Economic Woes

France has sought to calm recent tensions, but the increasing influence of Hezbollah and the shifting focus of Saudi and UAE economic policies elsewhere raises questions of where Lebanon will be able to turn for support.

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Can Green Transition Help EU Build Better Relations With the Gulf?

As the EU tries to overcome its strategic confusion, the transition to a greener economy could provide opportunities for EU-GCC relations.

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Event Report – Petro Diplomacy: Gulf Countries in a Net-Zero World

AGSIW's seventh annual Petro Diplomacy conference examined the energy transition and ways in which the Gulf petrostates are positioning themselves for a net-zero environment.

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Saudi Arabia’s Ever More Ambitious Investment Strategy

There is still time for Saudi Arabia to accomplish many of Vision 2030’s foreign investment objectives, but the window of opportunity is closing quickly.

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Toward a Portfolio-Based Gulf Economy?

Oil continues to be crucial to Gulf states, but sovereign wealth funds may be able to close the gap left by an eventual end to fossil fuel resources, if a fiduciary-focused fund management culture can be instilled.

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The Optics of Women in the Workforce

There is a recent culture of promoting women’s workforce participation in the Middle East and North Africa, but looking solely at the data misses some of the broader discussion on women’s empowerment.

UAE and Saudi Arabia Cut Renewables Deals to Improve Iraq Relations

The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia are making a serious effort to collaborate with Iraq, but these energy projects still have a long way to go to reach fruition.

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Through its careful examination of the forces shaping the evolution of Gulf societies and the new generation of emerging leaders, AGSIW facilitates a richer understanding of the role the countries in this key geostrategic region can be expected to play in the 21st century.

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