The conflict in Yemen has exacted a disastrous toll on the country. This paper considers the outside forces in the conflict, seeking to elucidate who they are, what the nature is of their involvement, and what their converging and conflicting interests mean for reconstruction.
Senior Analyst, Yemen, Crisis Group
Peter Salisbury is Crisis Group’s senior analyst for Yemen. He has more than a decade of wide-ranging experience as a print, online, and broadcast journalist. The former energy editor of the Middle East Economic Digest, he has written for The Economist, Financial Times, Foreign Policy, and Vice News, among others. He has consulted to the United Kingdom’s Department of International Development, United Nations, and World Bank, and he has published a series of highly regarded papers on Yemen for Chatham House, the London-headquartered think tank where he is also a senior consulting fellow. Salisbury has also produced a number of short- and long-format documentaries on Yemen for VICE. In 2018, he won a Canadian Screen Award for his work on the VICE television series “TERROR.” Salisbury appears regularly on television, radio, and in print as a commentator on Middle East affairs. He speaks fluent English, Spanish, and basic Arabic and French.
On June 19, UAE-backed Yemeni forces announced that they had consolidated their control over Hodeidah airport after a week of fierce fighting with Houthi rebels for the facility as part of Operation Golden Victory, a military campaign for Hodeidah port and city.
December brought some of the biggest shifts in Yemen’s civil war since a Saudi-led coalition entered the conflict in March 2015.
Partial or total collapses in state authority, once rare, are no longer outliers in an otherwise stable international state system.
Yemen’s history has seen a number of alliances of convenience unravel spectacularly, most recently the three-year marriage of convenience between former President Ali Abdullah Saleh and the Zaydi Shia Houthi rebels, who on December 4 killed Saleh in the capital of Sanaa after several days of fighting between their militias and his loyalists.
It is a gamble that has not paid off for secessionists in Catalonia or Iraqi Kurdistan.
For much of the past two and a half years diplomats have argued that Yemen’s civil war will only be ended through political compromise.
March marked the second anniversary of Saudi Arabia’s intervention into Yemen’s civil war at the head of a coalition of Arab military forces.