How are Gulf countries managing the energy transition to net–zero carbon emissions? Are they all moving at the same speed? Where are the gaps? Is there a case for the creation of regional grids and hubs to advance the transition for all? What are the more promising technologies that are being used to reduce the carbon content of hydrocarbons in a more carbon-constrained world? The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia are banking on becoming big players as green hydrogen exporters, but is this realistic? The region is vulnerable to the impact of climate change, particularly water stress and desertification. What are the mitigation policies that need to be put in place?